Power Hand-Planer Basics
With the help of an electric gun it is possible to make grooves in the workpieces, create chamfers, and also successfully perform many other operations, if only the design and power of your plane allow it. That is why, just before the acquisition it is useful to evaluate not only the power of the electric plane, but also the width of its planing. The width of a knife in 82 mm is classical for the majority of manual electric guns, however highly professional planes can have a width of planing and up to 10 cm.
Like almost any other power tool, planes differ among themselves depending on the power of their electric motors. The frequency of rotation of the shaft with blades on the planer directly depends on this index and determines the allowable depth of workpiece machining on this plane. It is the speed of rotation of the shaft with knives, in many ways, ensures the quality of the surface obtained on the workpiece on the wooden workpiece.
The optimal power for an electrical plane is usually considered to be 700-750 watts, although now it is useful to recall the remarkable Japanese planes from Makita with a capacity of 1050 watts or the battery-powered German planes of Bosch with a battery voltage of 14.4 volts. Specialists, in the process of choosing for themselves electro-bank pay even more attention, except for capacity, on: weight of the plane; diameter of its drum with cutting knives and the width / depth of the processing allowed on it.
In an electric roller, the diameter of the drum falls in the number of the most important factors, since the value of this element can compensate for the small power of the planing motor. For the quality of the surface to be treated, the accuracy with which the setpoints for the depth of the passage on the planer are set is also of great importance. An excellent recommendation can be considered that the step of changing the depth of the passage had a value of not less than one tenth of a millimeter. Since experienced masters use a wide variety of knives on their planes for a variety of materials and processing frequencies, it will be convenient for dynamic work to ensure that a mechanism for quick replacement of knives is present on the selected electric gun.
A really important point in assessing the success of the design of the planer can be called the material from which its sole is made, as well as the quality of its surface. An impeccable case will be an option in which the sole of the electrolank slides on the board without any difficulties, but the tool itself remains extremely stable. The perfectly smooth surface of the bed will obviously not contribute to this wood planers. That is why, on high-quality electric planes, the sole is cast and deliberately milled (including from the ends), while inflicting small frequent “cuts” of U-shaped. You will be able to see them only with excellent lateral lighting, but sometimes you can find them with your finger, passing them over the surface of the base.
The workpiece on the workbench must be securely fixed and surely – in a horizontal position. Remember that with a properly secured workpiece, there should be no backlashes and no swaying.